Board of Supervisors County of Los Angeles
869 Kenneth Hahn Hall of Administration / Los Angeles, California 90012
TEL: 213-974-5555 FAX: 213-974-1010
Supervisor, Fifth District
Chair of the Board
By Email and Certified Mail-Return Receipt Requested
May 6, 2020
Alex Villanueva, Sheriff
Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department
Hall of Justice
211 West Temple Street
Los Angeles, CA 90012
Re: Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department Budget
Dear Sheriff Villanueva:
We write in response to your May 4, 2020 letter to the Board of Supervisors and to the Chief Executive Officer ("CEO") regarding your concerns about the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department's budget.
As you know, the County of Los Angeles is currently dealing with a massive public health crisis and the resulting impact on the economy. The CEO has estimated tax revenue losses of approximately $2 billion due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. This will affect the entire County family. The CEO has already directed County departments, including the Sheriff's Department, to submit curtailment scenarios up to 20%.
The Board of Supervisors, along with the CEO, is committed to finding ways for all County departments to continue to perform their core functions at the highest level, but the entire County team must pull together to get this done.
Every April, the CEO presents its recommended budget to the Board for adoption. This is months of work with all of the Departments to ensure a fair and balanced budget is presented. As you are aware, Departments, including yours, submit aspirational requests during the proposed budget phase. These are basically wish lists from the departments that far exceed the County's resources. If all of these requests were combined, it generally comes to over $2 billion that the County does not receive in revenues. In the case of your Department, you submitted over $660 million in your proposed budget for FY 20-21. In a normal year, where the County expects growth in revenues, additional funding may be provided to departments in various phases of the budget process. However, due to the economic downturn, and as stated above, the County must now identify ways to curtail its spending and align its expenditures with its lower revenue projections.
To add to the Countywide curtailment actions, your Department is also projected to have an estimated $89 million deficit for fiscal year 2019-20. Over the course of this last year, the Board has repeatedly asked you to take actions to mitigate this deficit and it is your responsibility to decide how to manage your budget. We ask that you make those decisions wisely and responsibly given the challenges ahead and the needs of the residents of Los Angeles County. In making decisions about how to allocate your budgeted funds, you must do so in a way that does not compromise your core function of investigating crime and protecting the public; and you must do so within your budget.
It is unfortunate that you have identified actions that would compromise, and derogate from, your core function of protecting the public from crime. Your letters threaten that you will cause the Sheriff's Department to close down the Altadena and Marina Del Rey stations, reduce funding for the Homeless Outreach Services Team, and fall out of compliance with settlement agreements relating to civil rights violations in the jails. What is puzzling is that the statements that you are making to the public do not line up with the curtailments that you submitted to the CEO's office.
Closing down stations, taking away social services during a pandemic, and violating the binding covenants in federal court consent decrees are not wise decisions. Nor are they necessary. There is plenty of room in your $3.5 billion budget to achieve the necessary goals without compromising public safety.
As to the specific issues raised in your letters, the Board already addressed and voted on certain areas of your budgetary requests on April 28, 2020. The Board's motion is enclosed here as Exhibit A. Those issues are final and will not be revisited.
As a result, you do not have authority to continue at the current level with deputy academies and must adhere to the promotional freeze. Furthermore, you should not put deputies through sergeant school when you do not have authority to promote them to sergeant once they complete their schooling. That is not acceptable.
We know that managing a $3.5 billion budget is no easy task. But it can be done successfully if we all work together.
Chair of the Board
Supervisor, Fifth District
Sachi A. Hamai
Chief Executive Officer
C: Supervisor Hilda L. Solis, First District
Supervisor Mark Ridley - Thomas, Second District
Supervisor Sheila Kuehl, Third District
Supervisor Janice Hahn, Fourth District
Celia Zavala, Executive Officer of the Board
Mary Wickham, County Counsel
AMENDING MOTION BY SUPERVISORS SHEILA KUEHL AND HILDA SOLIS
Response to the Sheriff's Request to Transfer Funds from Provisional Financing Uses, Lift the Hiring Freeze, and Realign Budgeted Revenues
As L.A. County mobilizes to confront the COVID-19 pandemic, the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (Department) is a vital partner in serving the public as a first responder before, during and after the crisis. At the same time, sound budgetary practices are even more critical now in order to ensure that the County is able to support the Department's mission as well as the work of our other departments throughout the response and recovery process. This motion addresses measures put in place well before the COVID-19 crisis balanced with the Department's need to carry out its essential work.
In Fiscal Year (FY) 2018-19, the Department closed its books with a net deficit of approximately $63.4 million, due primarily to significant over-expenditures in overtime coupled with under-realized revenue. As a result, on October 1, 2019, the Board of Supervisors (Board) directed the Auditor-Controller (A-C), consultation with the Chief Executive Office (CEO), to transfer a total of $143.7 million in appropriation from various budget units within the Department to the Provisional Financing Uses (PFU) - Sheriff budget unit, so that the funding would remain dedicated for the Department but not available for expenditure until a Board-approved budget mitigation plan was developed and submitted by the Sheriff and thereafter implemented.
As directed by the Board vote of October 1st, the A-C and CEO subsequently transferred $143.7 million in appropriation from the Department, consisting of $134.4 million in services and supplies and $9.3 million in capital assets - equipment, to PFU. The Board also directed the CEO to implement a hiring freeze in the Department, excluding critical health and public safety positions s determined by the CEO. Following the Board's order, the CEO issued the Hiring Freeze Guidelines to the Department on October 7, 2019. Properly implemented, these two measures would allow the Department to met critical safety and health needs while reducing expenditures in other areas.
Despite these actions and before the onset of COVID-19 considerations, the Department in its 5th Month Budget Status Report, which was submitted to the CEO's Office in December 2019, projected an $86.5 million net deficit. Post COVID-19, the Department, in its 9th Month Budget Status Report, which was submitted to the CEO's Office in April 2020, expects to close Fiscal Year 2019-20 with an $89 million deficit. The Department, during a presentation made to the Justice Deputies on April 1, 2020, indicated that the $89 million deficit assumed $24.8 million in budget solutions ($10.0 million in Assembly Bill 109 revenue; $4.5 million in encumbrance cancellation; and approximately $5.2 million and $5.1 million in Modified Automated Process and Accounting System and inmate trust funds, respectively, that are pending completion of the Treasurer and Tax Collector escheatment process - of this amount approximately $19.0 million has been verified by CEO) and the transfer of $143.7 million in funding set aside in PFU.
The Board further directed the A-C and CEO to monitor the Department's progress in implementing the budget mitigation plan and achieving satisfactory budget performance. As the Department made progress to address the current-year deficit, the A-C and CEO would be allowed to make recommendations to transfer funding back to the Department's operating budget units. Beginning in September 2019, the CEO and Sheriff staff have met weekly to assess factors contributing to the deficit and identify areas of potential mitigation. One area of continuous focus is the Department's overtime expenditures. The Department, as part of its mitigation plan, committed to reducing noncontracted services overtime by $11.8 million in FY 2019-20. Despite this commitment, the Department is projected to exceed its overtime budget by $143.4 million resulting in $286.8 million in total overtime expenditures for FY 2019-20.
On January 28, 2020, the CEO, A-C, and Department provided a semi-annual status report on the Sheriff Department's budget that included, among other things, identification of $33.7 million in actionable solutions to close this Fiscal Year's estimated budget gap. While development of the mitigation plan was the first step; implementation and actual achievement of the goals outlined in the plan is the most important and final step. As of this date, the Department has not provided a status report for each of the actionable items identified in the January 28th semi-annual status report. The CEO has, however, been able to independently confirm that the Department has taken the following actions, specifically achieving $19 million in mitigation efforts - $14.5 million in maximizing Assembly Bill (AB) 109 revenue via the updated claiming process: and $4.5 million in encumbrance cancellations.
Despite the Department's mitigation efforts and CEO's commitment to offset unforeseen litigation costs, a more robust plan is required to address the $89 million projected budget gap for the fiscal year. In response, it is recommended that the Department immediately reduce the Department's training academy classes from twelve to four, commensurate with the Department's budgeted funding levels. The Department does not have funding within its existing budget for twelve training classes each year. The Department independently increased the number of training academy classes to expedite the hiring of sworn personnel and absorbed the cost of the additional classes within its existing budget. The additional training academy classes requires the Department to shift sworn staff from their regular duties and redirect them to support the training academy classes. The work of the redeployed staff is addressed by other sworn staff working overtime - hence the increase in the overtime budget relating to the training classes. However well intended, it has become apparent that the Department is unable to cover the costs associated with the 8 additional classes and still achieve a balanced budget. This action does not prevent the Department from continuing to hire sworn personnel, but merely slows down the process and aligns it with the Department's approved funding levels. By doing so, the Department will realize an annual savings of approximately $49 million - more than one-half of the $89M projected budget gap.
Today the Sheriff seeks approval to return the $143.7 million previously transferred to PFU back to his Department and to allow realignment of budgeted revenue amounts. The Board recognizes the Sheriff's constitutional responsibility as the chief law enforcement officer of the County and, given the current health crisis of COVID-19, wants to ensure that the Department can meet its core mission of ensuring public safety. However, the Board also recognizes that the County's fiscal health is vital during this time of crisis and the Board must continue to ensure that our limited public resources are safeguarded. An analysis of the Department's historical spending patterns and levels supports the transfer of $83 million in funding at this point in the fiscal year. Budgets are inherently dynamic and while $83 million in funding will be transferred pursuant to this motion, we encourage the Sheriff to continue to work with the CEO to develop a more meaningful budget mitigation plan whereby future consideration may be given to allow the Sheriff to have access to the remaining portion of the funds set aside in PFU.
WE, THEREFORE, MOVE that the Board of Supervisors:
- instruct the A-C, in consultation with the CEO, to transfer $82.7 million ($75.1 million for regular operations and $7.6 million for COVID-19-related expenses) from the PFU to various Sheriff's Department budget units to address its services and supplies needs;
- Request the Sheriff to develop and complete its revenue analysis for submission to the CEO, who will review and make recommendations to the Board to realign the Department's budgeted revenue either during the CEO's mid-year budget adjustment process in June, or in an upcoming budget phase; and
- Request the Sheriff to reduce his training academy classes to the FY 2017-18 previously approved levels from twelve to four per year, which is commensurate with the budgeted funding.
- Institute a promotional freeze for all positions within the Sheriff's department. Understanding the critical role to public safety, we further recommend that should the Department need to fill any position that they work with the CEO to justify the specific operational needs for the Department.